Quick Answer: What Are The Side Effects Of Theobromine?

What foods contain theobromine?

Theobromine is found in chocolate, tea and cocoa products (Graham, 1984a; Shively & Tarka, 1984; Stavric, 1988)..

Does theobromine affect sleep?

Theobromine, which increases heart rate and causes sleeplessness, is found in small amounts in chocolate, especially dark. The National Sleep Foundation recommends avoiding chocolate — as well as coffee, tea and soft drinks — before bedtime.

Does coffee contain theobromine?

Theobromine and caffeine are methylxanthines and found in cocao, coffee and tea. Methylxanthines (a class of alkaloids) are easily extracted in hot water, hence their prevalence in hot cocoa, coffee and tea. … Theobromine is believed to be a blood vessel widener and a diuretic.

How long do the effects of theobromine last?

Theobromine is less toxic to rats, mice, and humans, who all have an LD 50 of about 1,000 mg/kg. In dogs, the biological half-life of theobromine is 17.5 hours; in severe cases, clinical symptoms of theobromine poisoning can persist for 72 hours.

Does theobromine raise blood pressure?

Natural dose theobromine cocoa did not significantly change either 24-hour ambulatory or central systolic blood pressure compared with placebo. In conclusion, theobromine-enriched cocoa significantly increased 24-hour ambulatory systolic blood pressure while lowering central systolic blood pressure.

How much theobromine is safe?

For humans, theobromine is considered toxic at a dose of 1,000 milligrams of theobromine per kilogram of body weight.

Does theobromine keep you awake?

Unlike caffeine there is no evidence that Theobromine will keep you awake – indeed there are studies suggesting that theobromine can help people sleep (see blog for references). Chocolate also contains tryptophan, which stimulates serotonin and melatonin. And serotonin and melatonin are believed to help sleep.

Does green tea contain theobromine?

Black tea, green tea, and oolong tea are all made from the same plant but are prepared using different processing methods. Green tea extract contains polyphenols. … Other significant parts of tea include caffeine, theobromine, and theophylline. The polyphenols of green tea are strong antioxidants.

Is it good to eat dark chocolate at night?

It’s even been linked to a higher chance of nightmares and terrors. This means that dark chocolate is a bad choice before bed due to its higher concentration of cocoa powder. The bottom line here is for overall health, a boost in mood, and increased concentration and energy, dark chocolate is the clear winner.

What effect does theobromine have on the body?

These compounds influence in a positive way our moods and our state of alertness. Theobromine, which is found in higher amounts than caffeine, seems to be behind several effects attributed to cocoa intake. The main mechanisms of action are inhibition of phosphodiesterases and blockade of adenosine receptors.

How long does theobromine stay in your system?

Humans can easily digest and excrete methylxanthines, the half life of theobromine being 2-3 hours.

Is theobromine better than caffeine?

Much like caffeine, theobromine is a diuretic; however it mainly acts as a smooth muscle relaxant and cardiac stimulant [3]. While these two compounds have similar effects, the key difference is that caffeine has an effect on the central nervous system and theobromine most significantly affects smooth muscle [4].

Can you remove theobromine from chocolate?

The inventive method for removing theobromine and caffeine from cocoa beans by extracting crushed cocoa beans with water at elevated temperatures and Removal of the extraction filtrate is characterized in that the crushed Cocoa beans with the water first at temperatures of around 45 to 55 ° C and then extracted several …

What chocolate has the most theobromine?

Different types of chocolate contain different amounts of theobromine….Here are the facts:Milk chocolate contains 44 mg of theobromine per oz. … Semisweet chocolate chips contain 150 mg/oz. … Baking chocolate contains 390 mg/oz.

What foods keep you awake at night?

15 Foods That Are Keeping You Awake1 of 15. Raw Veggies. … 2 of 15. Dark Chocolate. … 3 of 15. Aged Cheese. … 4 of 15. Coffee. … 5 of 15. Ice Cream. … 6 of 15. Tomatoes. … 7 of 15. Water. … 8 of 15. Chili.More items…•